Since the very late 1800s, FIAT’s main shareholder has been the Agnelli family, an important industrial dynasty of Italian capitalism. The evolution of urban regime theory: The challenge of conceptualization, Urban Affairs Review 36(6): 810–835. Geocities 1999. Venue Shopping and the Politics of Urban Development: Lessons from Chicago and Seattle. First, he worked closely with the Regional Authority and the Polytechnic School. Bale J, Moen O. The cost of the service changes according to the tariff plan signed with your telecom provider and does not include any additional cost. The coalition embraced both local government and nongovernmental actors around a local policy agenda spelled out in the city’s Master Plan and focused on infrastructural, technological and cultural developments. Given this and also that Turin’s administration was able to secure the support of supra-city governments for the deal informally, regime theory, even in its classic form, positions itself as an effective approach for studying future European cases in countries with similar extra-urban institutions. [However]It is better [for me] not to unveil to you the whole truth. In the specific region of Piemonte, which includes Turin, the home of Juventus, a 1977 regional law - LR 56/77 still in action - foresees two types of variants towards altering a city’s masterplan: partial and structural. The second is much more complex, requiring also the opinion of the Region. Available at: www.geocities.ws/juventusfootball/news/archived99/111099.htm (accessed 12 February 2016). Partnerships vs Regimes: Why Regime Theory Cannot Explain Urban Coalitions in the UK, Journal of Urban Affairs 25(3): 253–269. was used for matches of Juventus FC and Torino FC and after the Olympics it was closed down. The council has always voted “yes” to every request of Juventus. However, the evidence represents an additional step in testing the cross-national application of American urban politics theories and in contributing to the relevant debate on sports stadia specifically. van Ostaaijen, JJC. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. The stadium critics felt that, among other concessions that could be monetized, such as low rate loans from a public bank and the value of land transferred to Juventus, the city threw away public funds invested in a most recently renovated stadium, which was then demolished to accommodate Juventus’ own desire for a new stadium. Sometimes sport teams threaten to leave their cities unless they build new stadia for them. Smith JM. Stadiums as studios: How the media shape space in the new Juventus Stadium. Available at: https://www.google.gr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CCkQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Ftorino.pronatura.it%2Fdo.download_attach.php%3Fid%3D31&ei=Ib2eVJ_yE4GxUcD5gfgK&usg=AFQjC NELukfkJCjlqzsweNgxXlWw4fPcAQ (accessed 12 May 2015). Stone CN. ’. I wish to express my gratitude to the Editor, Professor Jen Nelles, for her admirable work on processing the review of my manuscript. Juventus-Genoa è in programma domenica 23 aprile ore 20:45 con la formazione bianconera che torna allo Stadium dopo la trasferta di Barcellona. Giulianotti R, Robertson R. 2012. Behind Castelanni’s selection as Mayoral candidate to challenge the communist candidate, however, was the famous “Group of 70” consisting of businesspersons and professionals that had gathered around the powerful president of the local Chamber of Commerce. 22The turning point for the transformation of Italy’s local government system came in the 1990s, with two major reforms, relating to the direct election of the mayors and the new style of city governance: Law 142/1990 and Law 81/1993. Regional laws regulated changes of land use in urban areas. Mapping the global football field: a sociological model of transnational forces within the world game. Monday to Friday (10 am – 8 pm) and Saturday (10 am – 2 pm), excluding holidays. Fifty-seven public and private leaders signed the plan, which became the first strategic plan ever drafted by an Italian city. Stone (1989, p. 6) defines urban regimes as “, the informal arrangements by which public bodies and private interests function together in order to be able to make and carry out governing decisions, ”. Available at: http://www.faziosi.it/5731563_juventus-stadium-non-regalato-ma-costruito-sulfallimento-del-torino (accessed 12 May 2014). John P, Cole A.1998. 48The stadium project had ‘gatekeepers’, supporters and opponents. Wood AM. They Play, You Pay: Why Taxpayers Build Ballparks, Stadiums, and Arenas for Billionaire Owners and Millionaire Players. We update our Juventus FC ticket inventory several times a day. This activity does not constitute membership in a regime, which as Stone (1989) instructs, is an informal cooperative arrangement that stays steady over long periods of time… ...expanding regime theory to include such state-level entry into local development coalitions would reflect what Mossberger and Stoker (2001) identify as parochialism within the regime literature. Sport and the Analysis of Symbolic Regimes: A case study of the City of Sheffield. The project aimed at demolishing a recently renovated municipal stadium in Turin, Italy and building a new one for Juventus FC. The city councillors came to a dead-heat vote (25-25), as the right-wing opposition parties together with the Communist Refoundation Party united to oppose the plan. O’Leary N. 2009. Maggi and Piperno (1999) have pointed out that this favours the process of privatisation and the formation of powerful local affairs governance coalitions, although they feared this is not helped by the de-professionalization of politics - i.e. The Diamond in the Bronx: Yankee Stadium and the Politics of New York. Smith JM. Political Government and Governance: Strategic Planning and the Reshaping of Political Capacity in Turin, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 26(3): 477493. League Structure & Stadium Rent Seeking - The Antitrust Role Reconsidered. Juventus have confirmed that Juventus Stadium will be renamed Allianz Stadium from July 1. About Juventus FC Tickets at Allianz Stadium You can purchase Juventus FC tickets securely online or over the phone. Sapotichne J, Smith JM. Construction of new private sports stadia emerges as a topic of interest to urban politics scholars, for it involves power relations. The instrument was sent out in parts so that any doubt that might arise around a query could be resolved before embarking on to the next one. They brought huge financial resources to the city, contributing decisively to the first axis of Turin’s strategic plan - infrastructure. Via Druento, 175 10151 Torino - Italia; CONTACT CENTER (+39) 011.45.30.486. Political Leadership and Stadium. 31While FIAT’s role in the development of Turin was a leading one, the company’s decline due the economic crisis of the 1970s and 1980s, rendered municipal authorities unable to keep up with the demand for local welfare and social services support at the time (Burdett et al 2010). , a prestigious engineering college. Opponents view new stadia as commercialized manifestations of global capital flows, crystallizing class divisions, separating the elite from the potentially unruly and conducting surveillance that may be perceived as intrusive on civil liberties (Frank and Steets 2010). 1999. Maggi M, Piperno S. 1999. Nikos Lekakis, « The Urban Politics of Juventus’ New Football Stadium », Articulo - Journal of Urban Research [Online], Varia, Online since 16 January 2018, connection on 22 December 2020. Ordinary Interpellation 2007 03692/002. To what extent can American urban politics theories explain this outcome as well as help towards relevant future research? European leagues follow the promotion-and-relegation system, which allows free entry of teams to a sports league upon achievement, so the cartel problem is non-existent. The regulation explains in detail the administrative procedure to be filed in order to develop sports facilities, sets short deadlines for the approval of the project and its subsequent realisation, and establishes a financial fund in order to support the promoters. Regime Politics in London Local Government, Stadium Worlds: Football, Space and the Built Environment. These laws played an important role in the economic and political transformation of Italian cities, as they placed the city (comune) at the centre of the institutional system, giving mayors legitimacy and weakening the capacities of the provincial and regional governments (Maggi and Piperno 1999, Ravazzi and Begllini 2015). However, searching through the city and region portals, using key words such as “Variante di Citta di Torino” (variants of the Turin city), revealed several key Turin city documents which were translated and properly analysed in narrating the case. The provisions of Bill 2800 were hastily incorporated in article I, paragraphs 303-306 of the country’s Budget Law, 147/2013, which came into force on 1 January 2014. 29While this statement appears to be a bit too strong, it does bear truth. However, searching through the city and region portals, using key words such as “Variante di Citta di Torino” (variants of the Turin city), revealed several key Turin city documents which were translated and properly analysed in narrating the case. In February 2007, Juventus and the City signed A Memorandum of Understanding, which allowed much heavier land restructuring than that provided by variant 56 of 2002. Development in Chicago: Some Cautionary Notes on the Uses of Regime Analysis, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Brenner N. 2009. 1993. It is also commercially known as the Allianz Stadium since July 2017. The software used for this video is Sony Vegas Pro 13.Allianz Stadium is lit this season! He designed the historic Stadio Delle Alpi and then carried out its revolutionary reconstruction into current Juventus Stadium. Pro Natura Torino (PNT). There were reports of bodies and associations, but it is FIAT that decides what the mayor of Turin will do. History and description Allianz Stadium, previously known as Juventus Stadium, replaced Juventus’ old Stadio Delle Alpi, which had only been the home of the club since 1990. Juventus tickets are now available for 2020/21 matches in the Italian Serie A, Champions League Round of 16 1st Leg, Champions League Round of 16 2nd Leg â¦ Stone (1989, p. 183) proposes that in Atlanta ‘, one governing coalition…formed and held sway over its challengers for more than forty years. the political and business circles of the city had finally managed to build a consensus, coming to establish a new pro-growth urban regime the led the city imposing its own agenda for a long period. 40Juventus threatened once again to leave the city. First, he worked closely with the Regional Authority and the Polytechnic School. The interiors of the Juventusâ new stadium that will be inaugurated on September 6th have been designed by Pininfarina. commentaries in favour of the stadium. Sapotichne and Smith (2012) further explore this view in their study of two. Looking Back to Look Forward Reflections on Urban Regime Analysis. Via Druento, 175 10151 Torino - Italia; CONTACT CENTER (+39) 011.45.30.486. Secondly, URT’s use for cross-country comparisons is under scrutiny. Juventus Football Club S.p.A. La politica e la città. 30As Pinson (2002, p. 483) put it: Turin had been ‘ruled’ by confrontation between FIAT and the representatives of the working class: the omnipresence of Fordist major industry and its hierarchical forms of organization had tended to make industrial conflict the basic mode of regulation for social relations in the city. Stadion ini resmi dibuka pada 8 September 2011 dan memiliki kapasitas 41.000 penonton.. Stadion ini dibangun di atas lahan bekas Stadion Delle Alpi.Beberapa perbedaan antara stadion … Nondiconad, a large Italian mass retail cooperative, acquired from Juventus the rights to manage the commercial area adjacent to the stadium and helped it defray some of the construction costs. Either the local regime opted not to fund a new stadium proposal and the decision-making was shifted to the state-level, or the state created a special purpose authority under its auspices to oversee and fund stadium construction. It begins by highlighting the main features of the Italian extra-urban institutional structure as regards both city planning powers and the organisation of sport, including construction of new private football stadia. Pinson G. 2002. 2002. URT has faced detractors on at least two counts. Juventus 2020/21 Tickets Are Available! NY: Oxford University Press. 32(4): 425–448. It is also the stronghold of automaker FIAT, which has earned it the label ‘Italian Detroit’. On 8 September 2011, the Juventus Stadium was inaugurated in a ceremony with a great impact on national and international media. As regards municipal areas, the city cannot transfer ownership or real rights of the surface area directly to sporting associations at market price, but through an open tendering procedure between the proposer and other market participants. Why Italian planning is worth studying, Italian Journal of Planning Practice 1(1): 4-32. 38The idea of building a new stadium for Juventus, was the club’s. Urban regime theory: a normative-empirical critique, Journal of Urban Affairs 24(1): 1-17. 28Regarding FIAT’s involvement in Turin’s politics and governance, a respected local journalist has stated (O’Leary 2009) that: Globally, a rapport between a city and a company such as that between Fiat and Turin has never existed, and never will. References. 53Beyond objections to altering the use of an agricultural area near the Alps, PNT contended that self-financing by Juventus was a myth, as the idea is always to use public resources such as the Comitato Olimpico Nazionale Italiano (CONI) and the Istituto per il Credito Sportivo. 442–463, London: Sage. Among the project’s opponents was a short list of small agencies and groups including the Centro Sportivo Italiano, Radio Flash, independent leftist groups, and others, with a minimal, almost unnoticeable, impact. Holman’s 2007 UK study). Field of schemes. JUVENTUS STADIUM, San Ambrogio Di Torino, Piemonte, Italy. The latest Juventus news from Yahoo Sports. Stone (1989, p. 183) proposes that in Atlanta ‘one governing coalition…formed and held sway over its challengers for more than forty years’. Share; del 22 ottobre 2015 alle 12:50. The stadium critics felt that, among other concessions that could be monetized, such as low rate loans from a public bank and the value of land transferred to Juventus, the city threw away public funds invested in a most recently renovated stadium, which was then demolished to accommodate Juventus’ own desire for a new stadium. Lo Juventus Stadium è già vecchio! This page was last changed on 4 May 2018, at 08:49. The resolution stated, among other things, the city’s commitment to allow both Juventus FC and Torino FC to hold all home games for the domestic cup and internationally, until the end of the 2001-2002 football season. League Structure & Stadium Rent Seeking - The Antitrust Role Reconsidered, Florida Law Review 65: 1-72. structure’ problem. The opposition called for Castelanni’s resignation and the Green Party called for a local referendum on the issue. 02.06.2017 Turin: Juventus sign Allianz naming rights deal. and paralysis of the local administration throughout the 1970s and 1980s, which ended in 1992 when the Italian government appointed a city commissioner. Dizionario dello Stadio delle Alpi. The key connection is that state officials, such as the state's governor see the economic health of the state tied up in how much Atlanta thrives (private communication, 21 June 2016). Un ampliamento dello Juventus Stadium, però, sarebbe possibile. Juventus Stadium on Torinossa sijaitseva jalkapallostadion, joka toimii Juventuksen kotistadionina. Torino, 12 febbraio 2020 – Juventus Football Club S.p.A. ha raggiunto un accordo di sponsorizzazione con Allianz S.p.A. avente ad oggetto, a partire dall’esercizio corrente, la visibilità sul training kit della Prima Squadra e alcuni diritti di sponsorizzazione legati al settore femminile, nonché l’ estensione del naming right dell’Allianz Stadium per sette stagioni sportive, a partire dal 1° luglio 2023 … 14Researchers on sports stadia in the US, using URT, took their turn to raise the intergovernmentality issue. Does Regional Government Work? The interiors of the Juventus’ new stadium that will be inaugurated on September 6th have been designed by Pininfarina. Three anonymous reviewers of this journal provided excellent comments. Using political/legal resources, the ‘gatekeepers’ included the cities of Turin and Venaria Reale, the Turin Province and the Piedmont Region. Another angle. Find Juventus fixtures, results, top scorers, transfer rumours and player profiles, with exclusive photos and video highlights. Keating M. 1988. Studying the Chicago case, Smith (2010) proposes a triangular frame involving the city, the state and a special purpose authority, within which urban politics evolves. American researchers have argued that the process of building private sports stadia with public money is more suitable to plutocracy and oligarchy than to democracy (Sullivan 2001, Delaney and Eckstein 2003, deMause and Cagan 2008, Bennett 2012). Stadiums as studios: How the media shape space in the new Juventus Stadium. Four facts have guided this aim. With respect to the United States, the answer to the first part of this question is positive, although not researched specifically. Thus, a full netnographic approach (see Kozinets 2010) was not viable. 2008. For the first time in its history Juventus Stadium will change its name. John P, Cole A.1998. Juventus’ new stadium in Turin was the product of that regime, which had a direct connection with the club’s owners and its actions were amply facilitated by Italy’s extra-urban institutional structure. The proposed transfer was also in line with a 1994 ruling of the supreme administrative court, the Council of State (Torino 2007). 1The increased marketization of sports has favoured the construction of modern football stadia as multi-functional places, not only with sports grounds, but also with museums, shopping centres, cinemas, hotels, etc., encouraging new forms of consumption. 57This article is an attempt to supplement the scarce literature on the urban politics of new private sports stadia in Europe, with some evidence based on Juventus’ stadium project. Juventus, unhappy with this arrangement, came up with a fresh proposal to demolish the delle Alpi stadium and build a private facility in its place, completely new, consistent with the new philosophy of modern stadia as multifunctional venues. Staffordshire: Keele University Press. If youâre heading to the ground on a non-match day then have a look at the bus routes. Juventus managed to also acquire the surface rights to Continassa, a large area adjacent to the stadium extending to approximately 180,000 m, and including a seventeenth-century farmhouse from which it took its name. Juventus Stadium Seating Plan and Ticket Categories. Bennett JT. (PNT), a large environmental organisation and close collaborator of WWF added: Juventus not only threatened, but actually played some matches (some minor European competitions…) in other cities, namely Milano, Bologna and Palermo. New Legislation to encourage the development of sports facilities. This is followed by the research method employed in the analysis of the case and the detailed narratives underlying the urban politics dimensions of Juventus’ new football stadium project, before concluding. In addition, while the football community weighs strongly in Italian political affairs, the municipalities own football stadia and the economic crisis has impeded their renovation or replacement. Juventus Stadium, known for sponsorship reasons as the Allianz Stadium since July 2017, sometimes simply known in Italy as the Stadium, is an all-seater football stadium in the Vallette borough of Turin, Italy, and the home of Juventus F.C. 46Between November 2008 and August 2011, the projects were advanced and completed quickly by Italian standards, thanks to the use of simplified planning procedures followed by the city, which were only formally approved by the Provincial authority as regards safety standards. Finally, regime governance is related to broad local economic development issues in the city. While the answer to the second part of the question appears to be negative – as already explained – European scholars have not dealt with the issue as of yet. Juventus Football Club S.p.A. - Via Druento, 175 - 10151 Turin - Italy Subscribed Capital € 11.406.986,56 - Companies Register, Fiscal Code and VAT number 00470470014 - REA 394963 Allies using cognitive resources included five engineering and architectural groups (Migliavacca 2012). 27To understand the urban politics around Juventus’ new football stadium in the city of Turin requires tracing first the city’s local political dynamics within the prevailing extra-urban institutional structure. Unlike them, Mossberger and Stoker (2001) suggested that URT has considerably facilitated the analysis of urban politics beyond the formal institutions of government outside of North America. For example, in Turin, water and electricity services have been converted into limited companies and urban hygiene has remained under communal control with ‘special company’ status. In December 2005, the city council passed variant 123, which increased the share of commercial activities provided in the district Stadio delle Alpi further. Cities in the international marketplace: The political economy of urban development in North America and Western Europe. Either the local regime opted not to fund a new stadium proposal and the decision-making was shifted to the state-level, or the state created a special purpose authority under its auspices to oversee and fund stadium construction. Stadion avattiin 8. syyskuuta 2011 juuri ennen Serie A -kauden 2011–2012 alkua. Allianz Stadium é um estádio de futebol em Turim, Piemonte, Itália que hospeda os jogos da Juventus e que é de propriedade da mesma sociedade. Stadion Juventus (sebelumnya dikenal dengan nama Juventus Arena) adalah sebuah nama stadion sepak bola di Torino, Piemonte yang menjadi stadion tuan rumah untuk pertandingan klub sepak bola Juventus. The group was led by Valentino Castellani, Professor of Physics at Turin Polytechnic, a prestigious engineering college. The progress of the Integrated Stadium: European Experiences from the New Multifuntional Format, Master of Science in Urban Planning and Territorial Policies, School of Architecture and Society, Polytechnic University of Milano (in Italian). The Director of the International Commission for the Protection of the Alps. Stone (1989, p. 6) defines urban regimes as “the informal arrangements by which public bodies and private interests function together in order to be able to make and carry out governing decisions”. In the words of a former city commissioner: The first formal threat to leave the city was in a letter signed by Giampiero Boniperti on 17 February 1992, to which I answered with a letter on 22 February 1992 (see Matteoli 2002). Also, several social and environmental associations tried to oppose the project, but again they did not succeed (interview, 10 December 2014). GENEVA (AP) — The national soccer stadium in Albania was chosen Thursday to host the first final of a new European club competition. Most clubs participating in Serie A have announced plans either to renovate existing stadia or to build new ones in more convenient and profitable locations. Monday to Friday (10 am â 8 pm) and Saturday (10 am â 2 pm), excluding holidays. Sportfive Italia S.R.L. The local media, especially the newspaper. He designed the historic Stadio Delle Alpi and then carried out its revolutionary reconstruction into current Juventus Stadium. According to Ministerial Decrees 407300 of 1996 and 18429 of 2005, the assessment of risks related to the conduct of sporting events, the inlet system of the spectators and the necessary steps to overcome contingent critical situations, are subject to the prior approval of the superintendent of the Province. It wâ¦ 19Two municipal architects, the director of the International Commission for the Protection of the Alps (ICPA), the secretary of Pro Natura Torino (PNT), a former city commissioner responsible for managing the construction project of Stadio delle Alpi, a Polytechnic School graduate with a thesis on the stadium, and a notorious local athlete and activist received this instrument by email. This was facilitated by city variant 277 of October 2012. In the next sections, this article provides a brief review of regime theory with a discussion of the value of the ‘agency vs structure’ problem for understanding the theory’s cross-national application. , Anno 35- Novembre 2008-No. Digitalisation of public spaces: the great urban change? This criticism came out of studying regimes within a framework that incorporates the ‘agency vs structure’ problem. The idea of building a new stadium for Juventus, was the club’s. Two months later City Resolution of 17 February 2003 approved the transfer of the delle Alpi area to Juventus, which took place in July of the same year. Belligni S, Ravazzi S. 2012. La Stampa and other great Turin dailies were owned by Fiat for years. Juventus Stadium non regalato ma costruito sul falimento del Torino. For many Gino Zavanella is the face of Italian sports architecture. 5Using Stone’s conceptualizations and employing a comparative analysis framework, Mossberger and Stoker (2001, p. 829) argue that urban regimes are coalitions that are based on informal networks and formal relationships and can be identified using the following four criteria: Partners drawn from government and nongovernmental sources, requiring but not limited to business participation; Collaboration based on social production - the need to bring together fragmented resources for the power to accomplish tasks; Identifiable policy agendas that can be related to the composition of the participants in the coalition; A longstanding pattern of cooperation rather than a temporary coalition. Paramio JL, Buraimo B, Campos C. 2008. Only when it comes to construction has the Province a role. Mossberger K, Stoker G. 2001. Available at: http://www.cafebabel.co.uk/society/article/keeping-turins-fiat-factory-in-the-family-post-industrial-italy.html (accessed 2 November 2017). Domesticating Urban Theory? Elected in 1993, with new mayoral powers, according to Law 81/1993, Castellani had realized that the transformation of Turin would require the involvement of a wide range of social, economic, political and cultural actors in the city (Burdett, 2010). Following the signs: applying urban regime analysis to a UK case study, Journal of Urban Affairs 29(5): 435-453. US Concepts, British Cities and the Limits of Cross-national Applications, International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, International Review for the Sociology of Sport. Reprinted as ‘Re-stating Theories of Urban Development’ in P Kantor and D R Judd (eds. Inzaghi G. 2014. While FIAT’s role in the development of Turin was a leading one, the company’s decline due the economic crisis of the 1970s and 1980s, rendered municipal authorities unable to keep up with the demand for local welfare and social services support at the time (Burdett, 2010). The Municipality, the Region and bank foundations supported the other two axes. History and description. Torino oltre le apparenze. By its very nature, the case-study approach assumes a qualitative descriptive format with emphasis on exploration and content, thus offering flexibility and freedom to discovering issues as they arise in everyday political reality (Yin 2012). Since the very late 1800s, FIAT’s main shareholder has been the Agnelli family, an important industrial dynasty of Italian capitalism. In the words of a former city commissioner: The first formal threat to leave the city was in a letter signed by Giampiero Boniperti on 17 February 1992, to which I answered with a letter on 22 February 1992 (see Matteoli 2002). Finally, a writer (d’Angelo 2014) and former athlete, who was a critic of Turin's style of decision-making, expressed an extreme view: First Juventus has destroyed the value of the stadium (80 million euro paid by the city and by the Italian government…). Available at: Wood AM. A few good reasons may explain legislative change supporting new modern stadia. ICS, a public bank with an autonomous management, for the support of sport and culture, provided stadium construction loans.