Sunderland has the motto of Nil Desperandum Auspice Deo. The National Glass Centre on Liberty Way also exhibits a number of glass sculptures. The Victoria Hall was used until 1941 when it was destroyed by a German bomb.[12]. [21] It also has its own local radio station Sun FM, a community radio station Spark FM and a hospital radio station - Radio Sunderland for Hospitals, and can receive other north-eastern independent radio stations Metro Radio, Greatest Hits North East, Capital North East and Heart North East. A new Metro station was built underneath the bus concourse to provide a direct interchange as part of the extension to South Hylton in 2002. But in December of that year, cholera was in Gateshead and it spread across the country, killing about 32,000 people. Sunderland has two local newspapers: the daily evening tabloid The Sunderland Echo, founded in 1873, and the Sunderland Star - a free newspaper. [citation needed]. Like all metropolitan authorities, the city is divided into a number of wards or electoral districts. Sunderland a un climat océanique tempéré (Köppen : «Cfb»). The University of Sunderland is a university located in Sunderland in the North East of England.Its predecessor, Sunderland Technical College, was established as a municipal training college in 1901.It gained university status in 1992. It has been in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Hexham and Newcastle since the Catholic bishops returned in 1850. Renowned film producer David Parfitt belonged to this company before achieving worldwide fame and is now a patron of the theatre. After relegation in 2007, they returned to the National Division in 2009 and also lost that season's FA Women's Cup final, 2–1 to holders Arsenal at Pride Park Stadium.. Leben. English: Sunderland lies at the heart of the City of Sunderland, a metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, in North East England. The Bridges Shopping Centre covers much of the City Centre and was opened in 1988. BBC - Radio 4 The Long View - Cholera outbreak in 19th Century Britain. Airline Ryanair, moreover, recorded a 10% increase in passenger numbers travelling to Newcastle Airport on Fridays before a Sunderland home game, some 600 more than on other Fridays. Governance. Een inwoner van Sunderland wordt ook wel een Mackem genoemd. In 1589, salt making started in Sunderland. The event was held at Herrington Country Park, in the shadow of Penshaw Monument and was attended by 30,000 visitors.[22][23]. The area is part of the Anglican Diocese of Durham. The only Liberal Party councillor sat with the only Liberal Democrat as a "Liberal/Democrat" group. Local government was divided between the three churches (Holy Trinity, Sunderland, St. Michael's, Bishopwearmouth, and St. Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth). Many were frightened to say that a disease has started because it might stop their businesses from making money. The 'W2W' 'Wear-to-Walney' route, and the 'Two-Rivers' (Tyne and Wear) route also end in Sunderland. Sunderland has not had a separate police force since 1967, when the Borough of Sunderland Police merged with Durham Constabulary. Juni 1995 in Salem, Oregon) ist eine US-amerikanische Pornodarstellerin. 11 of the 25 wards featuring in the list of the 2000 most deprived wards in England. The last coal mine closed in 1994. [13] As a result, much of the town centre was rebuilt in a boring concrete style. Thus control over economic development, of the Museums and Archive Service, of the Tyne and Wear Fire and Civil Defence Authority and of the Passenger Transport Authority is exercised not by committees of directly elected county councillors but by nominees chosen by the elected members of the five district authorities. The new City Library Arts Centre, on Fawcett Street, also houses the Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art. The Victoria Hall disaster is still the worst of its kind in Britain. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, City of Sunderland Millennium Orchestral Society. Since the dissolution of Sunderland Nissan F.C., Sunderland itself now has only one non-league side, Sunderland Ryhope Community Association F.C. [30] The most deprived areas are Southwick to the north of the river and Thorney Close to the south - both with chronic levels of unemployment, although the city is performing better than the North East as a whole.[30]. This force was set up in 1974, and covers the whole of Tyne and Wear plus the much larger but much less densely populated county of Northumberland. Jack Crawford was one of the first to die in the epidemic. The club played in the Premier League in the 2005/2006 season, they finished bottom. The initial relocation plan had been for a stadium to be situated alongside the Nissan factory, but these were abandoned in favour of the Stadium of Light at Monkwearmouth on the site of a colliery that had closed at the end of 1993.[27]. The three original settlements of Wearmouth (Bishopwearmouth, Monkwearmouth and Sunderland) had started to join up. The Empire also played host to the final performance of comic actor Sid James, who died of a heart attack whilst on stage in 1976.[20]. But overseas competition has forced the closure of all of Sunderland's glass-making factories. The merchant Thomas Menville started building ships so he could transport the things he wanted to sell. Sunderland (kondado), Inglatera, Kining maong panid sa pagklaro nagtala sa mga artikulo nga may samang titulo. The National Glass Centre is also there, next to the University of Sunderland’s new “St Peter’s Campus”. The 2019–20 Sunderland A.F.C. Those at the front were trapped, and were crushed by the weight of the crowd behind them. In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the county borough was abolished and its area combined with that of other districts to form the Metropolitan Borough of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear. Being on the coast, Sunderland is a little warmer in the winter than the national average, but a little cooler in summer. The Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art on Fawcett Street and Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens showcase exhibitions and installations from up-and-coming and established artists alike, with the latter holding an extensive collection of Lowry's work. Now it can stage West End shows such as Miss Saigon, Starlight Express and My Fair Lady. Each has three councillors elected for a four-year term. It was the second iron bridge ever built. Instead of the old industry new developments have been built, including: Sunderland Corporation's massive post-war housing estate developments, such as Farringdon, Pennywell, Grindon, Hylton Red House, Hylton Castle, Thorney Close and Town End Farm, together with earlier developments, have all passed into the ownership of Gentoo (once caleed Sunderland Housing Group), a private company and a "Registered Social Landlord". Sunderland – miasto przemysłowe i port w Wielkiej Brytanii, w północno-wschodniej Anglii, nad Morzem Północnym, u ujścia rzeki Wear.Wchodzi w skład hrabstwa Tyne and Wear, w dystrykcie Sunderland.. Liczba mieszkańców: 177 739, zespół miejski – 182 974 () [23], Sunderland was named "The Facebook Capital of Britain" by the BBC in February 2010. The port was blockaded, so that ships could not spread the disease to other ports. It is situated at the mouth of the River Wear. [9] Some parts of the area are also widely believed to be the inspiration for his Alice in Wonderland stories, such as Hylton Castle and Backhouse Park. As a result, the boundaries were redrawn; Sunderland lost one ward and Washington gained one. The Royalty Theatre is the home to the (amateur) Royalty Theatre group who also put on a number of low-budget productions throughout the year. Location Map: 1. Every year, the city hosts a large Remembrance Day memorial, believed to be the largest in the UK outside of London.[26]. The dialect also has several variations between different areas of the City, as demonstrated when the hoax tapes purporting to be of the Yorkshire Ripper were analysed. The only two road bridges connecting the north and south halves of the City are the Queen Alexandra Bridge at Pallion and the Wearmouth Bridge just to the north of the City centre. The Empire Theatre sometimes plays host to music acts. It was in Sunderland for 120 years, until 31 March 2007[34]. IPA : /ˈsʌndə(ɹ)lənd/ Audio (UK) Proper noun . As the traditional industries have declined, electronics, chemicals, and paper making have replaced them. city. They are from the city of Sunderland.. The former shipyard areas along the River Wear have also been transformed. The city extends to the seafront at Hendon and Ryhope (on the south) and Seaburn (on the north). The last shipyard in Sunderland closed in 1988. Sunderland sack Papy Djilobodji for contract breach The Black Cats have parted ways with the centre-back, who moved to the club for £8 million in 2016. The Sunderland Empire Theatre, opened in 1907, is the largest theatre in the North East, reopened in December 2004 following a major redevelopment allowing it to stage West End shows such as Miss Saigon, Starlight Express and My Fair Lady, all of which have been performed at the Empire. Sunderland város az Egyesült Királyságban, Anglia északi területén, a Tyne and Wear grófságban. It now has campuses in Sunderland, London and Hong Kong. In particular, the east and south east – the old parish of Sunderland and the mining village of Ryhope – had lost population to the "New Town" of Washington. The River Wear was not very deep, so the coal had to be loaded onto big boats called keels and taken downriver to the coal ships which were called colliers. Rowland Burdon MP pushed for the Wearmouth Bridge, which was built in 1796. Open Hours: 1. In 2004, music magazine NME put Sunderland came 8th in a list of the "coolest" music places in the UK.[21]. [11] More recently, Sunderland-born Terry Deary, writer of the series of Horrible Histories books, has achieved fame and success, and many others such as thriller writer Sheila Quigley, are following his lead. Sunderland also hosts the free International Festival of Kites, Music and Dance, which attracts kite-makers from around the world to Northumbria Playing Fields, Washington. Der AFC Sunderland (offiziell: Sunderland Association Football Club) auch bekannt als The Black Cats ist ein englischer Fußballverein aus Sunderland im Nordosten von England. Lewis Carroll often visited to the area. Sunderland has won awards from the Britain in Bloom group in 1993, 1997 and 2000. This is why the port began to grow. Sunderland je izrastao iz tri naselja na samom ušću rijeke Wear. who now play in the Northern League Division One after a successful promotion campaign in the 2009/10 season. Najstarije od njih na sjevernoj obali rijeke, kasnije nazvano - Monkwearmouth, niklo je pored samostana osnovanog 674. The current regional BBC radio station is BBC Radio Newcastle. In the 1300s people began to build ships along the river bank. Carroll's connection with Sunderland, and the area's history, is documented in Bryan Talbot's 2007 graphic novel Alice in Sunderland. Pages in category "Sunderland" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. It was granted city status in 1992, the 40th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II's accession to the throne. Vaux in Sunderland and Wards Brewing Company in Sheffield had been part of the Vaux Group, when both breweries closed the group started to concentrate on its hotels which were in The Swallow Group. Housing, shopping parks and business centres have been built where the shipbuilding yards were. The area of Castletown is made up of 99.3% white, 0.4% Asian and 0.2% mixed-race. This page was last changed on 28 June 2020, at 14:58. The borough had a population of 275,400 at the time of the 2011 census, with the majority of the population (174,286) residing in Sunderland. When the perpetrator, John Humble was eventually caught he confirmed that he did indeed attend school in the Castletown area of Sunderland in his childhood. [28] However Washington F.C. By 1346, ships were being built at Wearmouth. According to census statistics, 81.5% of Sunderland residents class themselves as Christian, 9.6% have no religion, 0.7% are Muslim and 7.6% did not wish to give their religion. [15] His experiences are described in his book, No stranger to the P45.[16]. A person born in Sunderland is sometimes called a Mackem. Wearmouth Bridge was the biggest single span bridge in the world. "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019",, "Sunderland's political management structure-Sunderland City Council",,,, "Radio 1's Big Weekend: Penshaw Monument, Herrington Park, Sunderland", "Local boys shine at Sunderland's Big Weekend",, "Newspaper Report for the publication: Sunderland Star", "$6million film deal for North East murder film", "Sunderland named Facebook capital of Britain", "SAFC Previous Grounds / History / Previous Grounds",, NUTS 3 statistical regions of the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2010, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 22:53. Sunderland's longest stadium occupancy so far was of Roker Park for 99 years beginning in 1898, with relocation taking place due to the stadium's confined location and the need to build an all-seater stadium. Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens, on Borough Road, was the first publically funded museum in the country outside London. The Birmingham Royal Ballet have a season at the Sunderland Empire every year, and it is thought of as the company's north-east home. In 674, Benedict Biscop built the Wearmouth (St. Peter's) monastery. Sunderland is een city in het bestuurlijke gebied City of Sunderland, in het Engelse graafschap Tyne and Wear.De stad telt 177.739 inwoners, en is gelegen aan de noordoostelijke kust van Engeland. Lewis Carroll was a frequent visitor to the area. [9] The children pushed down the stairs to the door. Sunderland Ryhope Community Association F.C. [10] There is a statue to Carroll in Whitburn library. Biscop's monastery was the first monastery built of stone in Northumbria. More recently, Sunderland has seen growth as a commercial center for the automotive industry, science & technology and the service sector. When the water boiled, the salt was left behind. The Tourism Office believes Keane's attachment to the city is causing a knock-on effect on local restaurants, bars and attractions in that more tourists are "making a weekend of it"[35] after watching the football. A popular site is FreeBMD. [17] Some parts of the area are believed to be the inspiration for his Alice in Wonderland stories, such as Hylton Castle and Backhouse Park. This means Never Despair, Trust In God. The crew of HMS Ocean regularly visit the city. The river at Sunderland is in a narrow valley, and the town grew up on plateaus high above the river. The centre has never been as successful as hoped.[28]. [8] At the bottom of the staircase, the door only opened inward and was bolted so that only one child at a time could get through. Sunderland also has the north-east's top women's football team, Sunderland A.F.C. Sunderland a 7. században alapított és Beda Venerabilis által is lakott klastrom körül keletkezett. McFly played there in April 2007. On average, it is around 80 metres above sea level. The 2004 election for all 75 councillors was held on 10 June 2004. Although the city does not have a Cathedral, as it is located in the Diocese of Durham, it does have Sunderland Minster. The National Glass Centre on Liberty Way also exhibits a number of glass sculptures. The civil registration article tells more about these records. Sunderland's economy began to get better after the 1980s. Much of the city is on a low range of hills running parallel to the coast. Sunderland on noin 175 000 asukkaan rannikkokaupunki ja 277 000 asukkaan metropolihallintopiiri (metropolitan borough) Tyne ja Wearin metropolikreivikunnassa Koillis-Englannissa. In November 2004, after several years with no cinema, a Cineworld multiplex opened in the new River Quarter, an entertainment complex towards the east of the City Centre. [18] There is a statue to Carroll in Whitburn library. The city is unparished, except for Hetton-le-Hole which is a civil parish, and which has a town council. In recent years, a thriving underground music scene in Sunderland has helped the likes of Smalltown Heroes, The futureheads, Field Music and more recently Frankie & The Heartstrings gain national recognition. By 1835, the port of Sunderland was so important that its name was used when the three old villages became the a borough. Since 1990, industries along the banks of the Wear have changed a lot. The City of Sunderland is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. This is why he is often called The father of English history. Sunderland became a city in 1992. By 1100, the Bishopwearmouth parish included a small fishing village at the mouth of the river (modern day East End) known as 'Soender-land', or Asunder-land which became Sunderland. It is named after its largest settlement, Sunderland, but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, and Washington, as well as a range of suburban villages. It is served by Northern Rail services between Newcastle and Middlesbrough, and Grand Central services to York and London[36]. It was the first British town to be affected by 'Indian cholera' epidemic. On 7 and 8 May 2005, Sunderland played host to BBC Radio 1's Big Weekend concert - the UK's largest free music festival. [20] Many of his paintings of seascapes and shipbuilding are based on Wearside scenes. Metro trains are quite frequent and travel between Newcastle International Airport and Newcastle upon Tyne in the north and South Hylton at the southern end of the line. Thur:6:00pm-9:00pm. (Include information about your center that would be helpful for first time visitors such which entrance in the building to use, parking, etc. The Empire is the only theatre between Leeds and Glasgow large enough to accommodate such shows. Doxford International Business Park, in the south west of the city, has attracted a host of national and international companies. This created resentment towards Newcastle and towards the idea of having a king. The National Cycle Network National Route 1 runs from Ryhope in the south, through the centre of the city, and then along the coast towards South Shields. “CoSMOS”, the City of Sunderland Millennium Orchestral Society’’ was set up in 2000 to mark the millennium. On the south side of the river, the old Vaux Brewery site has been cleared so that new houses, shops and offices can be built close to the city centre. Kenickie, which featured Lauren Laverne on vocals, also achieved a top ten album and wide critical acclaim in the mid-to-late-1990s. The library had about 300 books; all of them were hand written and painted. The Sunniside area now includes an Empire Cinema, Gala Casino and many surrounding eateries. Bede wrote the Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History of the English People) in 731. Labour lost three seats to the Conservatives, whilst former Labour Mayor Mrs Julianna Heron lost to an independent: the same person who had defeated her husband in 2003 and who was in turn defeated by him in 2004. The aircraft took its service name from the town (latterly, city) and port of Sunderland in North East England.. Most of the suburbs of Sunderland are west of the city centre with 70% of its population living on the south side of the river and 30% on the north side. Wikipedia City of Sunderland on Wikipedia. At the elections of May 2007, the Labour Party continued their decline. Here, 89.4% are white, 7.8% are Asian and 1.3% are mixed-race. These frets can be very dense, are often very localised, and can appear and disappear in a matter of minutes. This is why the area is still called Bishopwearmouth.[1]. A multimillion-pound transport interchange at Park Lane was opened on 2 May 1999 by the then Brookside actor Michael Starke. Two became independent members; one joined the Liberal Democrat party, becoming group leader after the 2004 municipal elections.[5]. Sunderland is home to a Nissan car manufacturing plant. Some of these new industries, are in Washington, which has more space to allow purpose built factories. In recent years, the underground music scene and the Sunderland Music Project have helped the likes of The Futureheads and Field Music gain national recognition. [6] In the 2011 local elections Labour gained a further four seats from the Conservatives. The district was formed in 1974, titled the Metropolitan Borough of Sunderland, as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 and is an amalgamation of four former local government districts of County Durham. Under the Local Government Act 1888, it was given further status as a county borough with independence from county council control. The Empire Theatre sometimes plays host to music acts, and has attracted Deacon Blue and Journey South to the city in recent years. A third bridge carries the A19 trunk road over the Wear to the West of the City. The central business district of Sunderland has also been redeveloped and improveed. Sunderland (a s lèś /ˈsʌndərlənd/ in ingléś, scólta'l chè) l'è na sità dal Régn Unî ch'la s cata in dal nòrd-èst dl'Inghiltèra, in dla cuntèa metrupulitàna 'd Tyne and Wear.La fà sù sènt-stantasincmìla abitànt a 'l incìrca (dat dal 2011), pôc più pìcula 'd Mòdna.. La sità l'è anc un pòrt e la gh'è sōl lē in Inghiltèra ch'la n gh'à minga dal catedràli. It was given a. St. Peter's Campus of the University of Sunderland; North Haven, executive housing and marina at the old North Dock at Roker; the National Glass Centre, by St. Peter's Church; the Stadium of Light the 49,000-capacity home of Sunderland A.F.C. [12], The Salford-born painter, L. S. Lowry, was a frequent visitor, staying in the Seaburn Hotel in Sunderland. [19] It has also played host to an annual season from the Birmingham Royal Ballet for over ten years. Following further disputes within the Labour Party, three councillors resigned the whip at the end of 2006 and, joined by one of the Liberal Democrat members formed an independent group, which is the minority party in opposition. A city and metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, England. The City of Sunderland is the 22nd largest borough in England and the largest in the North East. Lewis Carroll was also a visitor to the Rectory of Holy Trinity Church, Southwick, beforeSouthwick became a part of Sunderland. "SINE Project: Structure details for Queen Alexandra Bridge", "2001 Census - Fact Cards for wards in the City of Sunderland", "Radio 1's Big Weekend: Penshaw Monument, Herrington Park, Sunderland", "Local boys shine at Sunderland's Big Weekend", "History of Shipbuilding in the North East", "SINE Project: Structure details for South Dock: Hudson Dock", "End of an era as glass firm sets closure date",, Pages using infobox UK place with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, Sunderland, at the mouth of the river was a small fishing village. When the civil war began, the mainly Protestant Sunderland sided with Parliament against the mostly Catholic Newcastle. This was because of the success of the port of Sunderland as well as the salt panning and the shipbuilding along the banks of the Wear. St Benedict Biscop was adopted as the City's Patron Saint in March 2004. Phone: 1. The City of Sunderland (/ˈsʌndərlənd/) is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. Competition from overseas caused a downturn in demand for Sunderland built ships toward the end of the 20th century. [32] Climat. In the past it has also welcomed major bands such as The Beatles and The Kinks. As more coal was needed to heat the salt pans, coal mining started in the area. The Royalty Theatre is the home of the amateur Royalty Theatre group who also put on a number of low-budget productions throughout the year. It is currently owned by Land Securities Group after they purchased the site in 1990. More recently, Sunderland-born Terry Deary, writer of the series of Horrible Histories books, has become famous, and many others such as thriller writer Sheila Quigley, are following his lead. After the elections of May 2003 the political structure was 63 Labour, 9 Conservative, and 1 independent. Sunderland station was rebuilt in November 1965 for football teams and officials from countries who were playing at Roker Park when England hosted the 1966 World Cup. However, as well as including the Sunderland it also includes a number of surrounding towns and villages, such as Washington, Houghton-le-Spring and Hetton-le-Hole. The giant Nissan factory moved in, and new service industries arrived. [13] Many of his paintings of seascapes and shipbuilding are based on Wearside scenes. U tom naselju je rođen i školovao se Beda Uvaženi (672 / [[673-735), poznati anglosaksonski kroničar. Independent, a city centre nightclub/music venue, satisfies underground music lovers, having previously played host to Keane, Franz Ferdinand, Kasabian, Kaiser Chiefs, Maxïmo Park and Snow Patrol when they were largely unknown. The Liberal Democrats stronghold ward was abolished entirely, and became part of four new wards, and the Liberal Democrat councillors elected in 2004 were from two very different areas. Sunderland är en stad med omkring 283 500 invånare [1] och ligger i nordöstra England, Storbritannien, vid floden Wears utlopp i Nordsjön.. Staden ligger strax sydost om Newcastle och mellan de bägge städerna har det sedan länge funnits en ömsesidig rivalitet. However, the Metro extension has not been viewed as a huge success with frequency of services cut due to a lack of demand. It sits at the mouth of the River Wear. The event, held at Herrington Country Park in the shadow of Penshaw Monument, was attended by 30,000 visitors and featured Foo Fighters, Kasabian, KT Tunstall, Chemical Brothers and The Black Eyed Peas.[17][18]. Sunderland is one of the most deprived cities in the North of England. The reorganisation of electoral areas saw major changes in all but two wards, but the elections of 10 June 2004, the first fought under the new boundaries, saw little change in the political representation of the City as a whole, with 61 Labour, 12 Conservative, and 2 Liberal Democrat councillors elected. [16] The Jewish primary school, the Menorah School, closed in July 1983. The Conservative party made further significant gains in the 2008 election, gaining five additional seats and strengthening their support in others. The City has had a Labour controlled council since 1974, and often before that. There are a number of cycle routes that run through and around Sunderland. Sunderland Museum has a big collection of LS Lowry. But some fine old buildings remain. Other famous Mackem musicians include punk rockers The Toy Dolls, who broke the top five of the charts with "Nellie the Elephant" in December 1984; the lead singer of dance outfit Olive, Ruth Ann Boyle, who now works with Enigma; A Tribe of Toffs made number 21 with their cult hit "John Kettley is a weatherman" in December 1988; Alex Kapranos of the band Franz Ferdinand also grew up in Sunderland and South Shields.